Mutations in genes passed from parent to child can drastically increase the risk of disease, including many types of cancer.
The ongoing discovery of genes involved in cancer allows us to test for cancer-causing mutations in those genes. Once the potential risk of cancer is identified, you can be counseled on the best ways to possibly delay, or even possibly prevent, the development of certain cancers.
Approximately 5 to 10 percent of all cancers are hereditary. Patients with a hereditary cancer syndrome are at a significant risk for developing an initial cancer and a second primary cancer. Hereditary cancer is more prevalent than might be expected. Identifying these women and their family members through appropriate testing can potentially lead to improved treatment options, more appropriate plans for risk management, and, ultimately, better outcomes.
Dr Lee will provide you with the screening based on family history and comprehensive information on the most common hereditary cancer syndromes. Inherited mutations in certain genes can lead to increased risk for breast, ovarian, colorectal, endometrial, gastric, prostate and pancreatic cancers and melanoma.
After identifying the familial patterns associated with hereditary cancer, the appropriate processes for applying the powerful diagnostic tools of genetic testing can be obtained with a simple blood test.
Insurance coverage for the testing is currently available for those meeting the screening guidelines.
Referral to genetic counseling, either before or after screening, will be discussed along with the risk reduction options if an abnormal gene is found. If not found, risk reduction measures may still be warranted and that is where genetic counseling is also important.
There are effective options to help lower your risk of cancer such as earlier and more intensive screening, preventive medications and risk-reducing surgeries. If you have a mutation that puts you at increased risk of cancer, you can be counseled on how to reduce your risk of developing the disease. Knowing genetic test results for cancer-causing genes allows families to determine/assess risks for their own children – and perhaps identify others who should be tested.
Results of genetic testing for cancer-causing genes allows families to know the risks of their children and who needs to be tested further.
Dr Lee will carefully take a family history and explain to what degree there is evidence of a possible genetic basis of cancer and explain the testing process.
…And don’t worry. We won’t limit the number of medical issues you can bring for evaluation at your appointment.